After World War II, the vision of an organization in which countries could come together and discuss their problems without the fear of war occurring came about. The United Nations was created. The first attempt the League of Nations after World War I failed, and now others are willing to listen. There are 6 major departments of the United Nations.
General Assembly: Every country that is a member has a person to listen, discuss, and recommend issues of the world

Security Council: Started out with 11 members, but now it is up to 15. There are 5 countries that have permanent seats; United States, Great Britain, France, China, and then the Soviet Union. The other seats are elected from the General Assembly. These seats are for 2 year terms. It is here that it is decided if the United Nations should take military action. Majority rules unless if one of the 5 permanent members votes no.

Secretariat: Administrative Work

International Court of Justice: Trials vs Countries and disputes over boundaries are heard

Trusteeship Council: Helps new countries develop

Economic/Social Council: Focuses on Human Rights issues, relief aid, and medicine for victims, and support for other disasters.

East Germany
Before the end of World War II both Harry Truman and Winston Churchill knew that Joseph Stalin could not be trusted in the new world. They both realized by his past record that he was not a person that could be trusted. First he aligned himself with Hitler and the Germans, and through other sources they found out what he had been doing to his people in the Soviet Union. Stalin also wanted to dominate the world for various reasons. To him communism must work and he was willing to do whatever was necessary to win. Stalin also believed he needed the strongest military in the world. Churchill and Truman knew that Stalin was cruel and paranoid, and lastly they could not forget that he aligned himself with Hitler prior to World War II. This is the basis of the Truman Doctrine to contain communism.

Once World War II ended Stalin aggressively pushed for territory in Europe. Berlin was to be divided up between the Soviets, Americans, French, and British. The Soviets sealed Berlin to show how strong they were. With Berlin sealed the Allies had to find a way of helping without starting another war. The Marshal Plan was created to aid war torn Europe. They Allies knew that they could not exclude the Soviet Union or their communist satellites. As fearful as we were to communism, Stalin also feared democracy.

Berlin was considered a flash point to the potential of World War III. Many people believed that issues in Berlin would bring the world back to war. Between 1948 and 1949 Berlin was sealed and the west had to airlift supplies to the people blocked in. About a decade later in 1958 Nikita Khrushchev demanded a renegotiation of Berlin. The construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 stood as a symbol of the Soviet influence and also a symbol of the cold war until it fell in 1989.
Other Key Cold War European Events:

1946: Greek Civil War; Communists vs. Greek Government

1946: Bulgaria becomes The People's Republic of Bulgaria

1947: Turkey and Greece receive funds from the United States

1948: Communists take control over Czechoslovakia

1948: Yugoslavia splits from the Soviet Union

1949: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is founded

1949: USSR rejects membership of various European countries

1955: Warsaw Pact is found (Communist version of NATO)

1956: Hungarian Revolution vs. Communist Government

1968: Soviets invade Czechoslovakia

1989: Berlin Wall Falls