The ruler of the Incas during the time of the Spanish invasion was a man named Atahualpa. His road to rule is marked with blood, betrayal, and murder. Before Atahualpa became INCA, his father Hoya Copec named both Atahualpa and his brother Huascar. Neither brother wanted his decision, but out of respect to their father, neither made a push until he was dead. A third brother was also around, but not really in the picture for leadership. His name was Nina. Huascar was the oldest and primary son, however it was Atahualpa that was Hoya Copec’s favorite
Huaya Copec predicted that he would be the last INCA. He told both his sons that they need to listen to the strangers. Prior to Pizarro arriving, the Spanish made two attempts into Inca lands. Neither was successful. Once Huaya Copec died (small pox), the two brothers split the empire in half. Allegiances were split; family members and loyal government officials were forced to choose between the two brothers. The years that followed 1526, were bloody and violent. Many Incans died and many great leaders were beat. Because they lost, they lost their lives in capture. The last part of the civil war saw Atahualpa erasing his brother's name from all records. No sooner did Atahualpa defeat his brother, than the first reports of the Spanish came to Atahualpa’s attention.
The man that conquered the Incas was the conquistador, Francisco Pizarro. Pizarro was just like any other conquistador. His lust for power, money, and fame drove him to destroy an entire people. Pizarro was able to capture Atahualpa rather easily. Like Cortez, Pizarro portrayed himself through religion. Unlike Cortez Pizarro did not call himself an outright god, he claimed to be god-like. For the Incas, this was not farfetched considering the Atahualpa was considered a walking god on earth himself. At the Battle of Cajamarca in 1532 Pizarro was able to defeat over 8,000 Inca with a force smaller than 200 men.
Atahualpa was held for a huge ransom of gold. Atahualpa promised Pizarro a room full of gold. Pizarro agreed to let the Incas buy his freedom. In the end, the Incas did raise the ransom, but they killed him anyway. The amount of gold and silver were astounding, the Incas delivered 7 tons of gold and 13 tons of silver. Each conquistador receives a share of 45lbs of gold and 90 lbs of silver. Atahualpa during his captivity ordered the death of his brother Huascar because Atahualpa believed that he would be freed and he didn't want his brother to get the upper hand. Huascar's men did not side with Atahualpa after, they saw Atahualpa as a larger threat compared to the Spanish.
After the death of Atahualpa, Pizarro realized the value of customs and traditions. He placed a step-brother Manco Inca on the throne to be his puppet. Manco Inca was chosen because Pizarro believed he could easily control him. During his occupation, Pizarro created a new city, Lima as his capital. Now that the Incas were no longer a threat, Pizarro needed to worry about his own Spanish. A Spanish officer, Pedro de Almagro started to complain and question Pizarro since he was left out of some of the money earned. At this same time Manco Inca showed his true intentions and attempted to assassinate Pizarro. It failed and Manco Inca and his people fled deeper into the mountains.
The feud between Pedro de Almagro and Francisco Pizarro became more intense. Almagro arrests Pizzaro's brothers and has them executed. In 1538 Pizarro returned the favor. He defeated Almagro and had him beheaded. No more than 3 years later, Almagro's son and a group of dissatisfied conquistadors raided Pizarro's home and killed him. Besides revenge, one of the reasons for the death of Pizarro was his failure to give away land which he promised many years ago. Manco Inca provides asylum Almagro and his assassins as Pizarro s' men search for them. While in the mountains, the assassins turned on Manco Inca and killed him to show the Spanish that they are still loyal to the crown.
Charles V is tired of the out of control attitude of the Spanish in South America, and he sends a new governor to settle down the conquistadors. The conquistadors led by Pizarro 's son kill him along with 350 other Spanish that they suspect will double-cross them. By 1548, Charles V sends a large enough force to stop the Conquistadors. They were given a choice to surrender and be pardoned or fight and die. The vast majority chose surrender.